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  • Jeff Marker

    husband, dad, teacher, filmmaker, writer, film geek, musician, DIYer, vegetarian, Bulldog, Buckeye, Nighthawk

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Best Films of 2015

It wasn’t a particularly deep year for quality films. Some of my colleagues disagree, but some of the movies being touted as awards contenders (“Trumbo,” for example) didn’t live up to the hype for me. The top three films on my list stand far above all others, the next five are all outstanding, then there are several good films that wouldn’t be strong enough to make best-of lists in many other years. Still, the best things about year-end movie lists is they might encourage folks to seek out lesser known movies or debate those they have seen. Hopefully this list does both.


Image courtesy of epk.tv

  1. Room

Seven years ago, a young woman (Brie Larson) was abducted and confined to a one-room shed by her captor. This room is the only world her five-year old son (Jacob Tremblay) knows – until mother and child attempt a perilous escape. Lenny Abrahamson, who for two years in a row has produced one of my favorite movies of the year (do yourself a favor and see Frank) focuses on the mother’s will to protect her child and the young boy’s discovery of the world outside the room, and leaves us with a deeper appreciation of the bonds between mother and child. Larson should walk away with the Best Actress Oscar, newcomer Tremblay should be nominated, and Abrahamson damned well better be nominated for helping the actors achieve these performances.


Image courtesy of Netflix via The Guardian

  1. Beasts of No Nation

Cary Joji Fukunaga (“True Detective”) adapted Uzodinma Iweala’s novel about an African child soldier into a harrowing, empathetic, brutal, and unforgettable viewing experience. Idris Elba towers through the film in an outstanding supporting role, but new discovery Abraham Attah gives a mind-blowing performance in the lead role. This is also a significant moment in media history, since Beasts is Netflix’s first theatrically released motion picture. It did very poorly at the box office in terms of dollars, but this is the first feature film produced by a streaming service that has a real shot at winning Best Picture.

Ex machina New Poster

  1. Ex Machina

This thought-provoking, sexy, stylish science fiction thriller is so stunning I watched it on an airplane yet was still enamored. Three brilliant actors (Domhnall Gleeson, Alicia Vikander, Oscar Isaac) conduct a cinematic Turing test amongst themselves and with us. Vikander, as an AI so human-like and charming she seduces Gleeson’s character and us, continues to establish herself as one of the most charismatic actresses of her generation. The content is timely, yet the film is timeless, the sort of science fiction (not science fantasy) I wish we saw more often.


Canadian poster (why not?) courtesy of epk.tv


  1. The Big Short

I would call this an essential movie, but people tend to resist must-see recommendations. I would tell you it provides the best explanation yet of the Wall Street collapse, but that description is far too academic and won’t get you to the theatre. And I don’t dare tell you it predicts impending economic dangers. Instead, I’ll just say it’s a hilarious, witty comedy featuring a world-class cast (Steve Carell, Ryan Gosling, Brad Pitt, Christian Bale, Marisa Tomei, Rafe Spall). Incredibly, all of those descriptions are equally accurate. Director Adam McKay pulls a brilliant bait-and-switch, selling us with the comedy in order to give the best assessment yet of what led to the economic recession.


  1. Steve Jobs

Steve Jobs is less a biopic than a virtuoso enunciation of classic American themes (like The Social Network, this movie owes an enormous debt to Citizen Kane). Drawing on a typically polished Aaron Sorkin screenplay, Danny Boyle directs an exquisite quintet of Michael Fassbender, Kate Winslet, Seth Rogen, Jeff Daniels, and Michael Stuhlbarg, who are occasionally joined by other outstanding players. I don’t even care if the film gets a lot of details wrong or unjustifiably glorifies Jobs. It is a joy to watch perfectly executed filmmaking.

Image courtesy of epk.tv

  1. Spotlight

The next great journalism movie has arrived. Writer/director Tom McCarthy (The Station Agent, The Visitor) and a stellar ensemble cast (Michael Keaton, Mark Ruffalo, Rachel McAdams, Liev Schreiber, John Slattery, Billy Crudup) dramatize the true story of the Boston Globe’s investigation into the child molestation scandal and subsequent cover-up that forever altered the stature of the Catholic church. It’s an inspiring reminder of the social role only the fourth estate can fill.

Image courtesy of epk.tv

Image courtesy of epk.tv

  1. Love & Mercy

You might not believe this, but John Cusack is outstanding in this Brian Wilson biopic (I kid, I kid). But his performance isn’t as strong as Paul Dano’s. The two actors play Wilson at different stages of life, and both capture the genius and torturous mental illness that defines the legendary composer and musician. Love & Mercy is an unconventional biopic and a fitting tribute. Elizabeth Banks, in a nomination-worthy supporting role, does what she always seems to do – quietly elevate the film with each scene in which she appears. The glaring weakness here is Paul Giamatti’s garish performance as the psychiatrist who possibly saved Wilson’s life yet definitely infantilized him for years. I believe the real Dr. Eugene Landy was this evil, I’m just tired of seeing Giamatti play this character. Everything else compensates, though.

Image courtesy of cinemavine.com

Image courtesy of cinemavine.com

  1. Sicario

An idealistic FBI agent (Emily Blunt) goes on a covert mission into Mexico with a shadowy task force as part of the “war on drugs.” But she discovers there is much more going on than she initially recognized. Director Denis Villeneuve uses the scenario to say some things about the narcotics trade and the government’s battle against it, but mostly he delivers a taut, fever pitch action movie that, along with Prisoners, places him in a whole new class of filmmakers. Blunt again proves she can do action, and Benicio del Toro is chilling and pitch perfect. I am professionally required to claim Mad Max: Fury Road is the best action movie of the year, but if you like your action grounded in reality, Sicario beats Max.

Image courtesy of Forbes

Image courtesy of Forbes

  1. Inside/Out

This was inarguably Pixar’s best movie in years, but that’s no longer saying much for a studio that has churned out formulaic sequels since being bought by Disney. Honestly, I think this one is a bit over-rated, but I’m including it here mostly because of the superb animation. (I’ve never seen skin textures like those created for the emotion characters!) There is also much to be said about a family movie willing to tackle pre-teen emotions and let kids know they should accept their sadness, fear, and anger, and therefore cope with them in healthier ways.

Image courtesy of blastr.com

Image courtesy of blastr.com

  1. Mad Max: Fury Road

I’m including Fury Road for three reasons. One, people like lists with ten entries. Two, George Miller’s revival of the legendary Australian post-apocalyptic science fiction franchise elevates the car chase to a thing of beauty. Stunning cinematography captures impeccably executed, acrobatic battle sequences taking place on wheels. Miller’s film reminds us how much more thrilling and cinematic practically achieved stunts are. Three, I hope it angers men’s rights activists, a group for whom Fury Road sparked the most pathetic outrage of the year (and in 2015, that is really saying something). Max is not made weak because Furiosa is made strong. The moment when Max recognizes Furiosa is a better shot than he and hands her the rifle is already being cited as a minor landmark, and it’s just one of many ways the film inverts the gender power dynamics typical of the genre. Surprisingly, this balls-out action opus captures gender equality circa 2015 perfectly.

Others worth seeing:

The End of the Tour, Kumiko the Treasure Hunter, The AssassinCarol, Amy, Finder’s Keepers, Best of Enemies



guardians-galaxy-movie-trailer-humorGuardians of the Galaxy is the most purely entertaining movie of the summer. It isn’t even a contest.

X-Men: Days of Future Past strung together a sprawling yarn which smartly steered the franchise toward new possibilities. Dawn of the Planet of the Apes used next-level motion capture techniques to offer stunning character complexity for a movie about apes. Both are highly sophisticated as tentpole releases go.

But Guardians of the Galaxy is sheer hedonism. It’s a laugh-per-minute spectacle that never takes itself seriously yet takes us on an escapist jaunt through a bizarre Science Fiction universe.

In those ways, it is a quintessential summer movie. Forget about your cares, munch on popcorn, and just enjoy.

guardians-galaxy-gamora-zoe-saldanaGuardians is also the anti-Avengers.

We’ve come to expect earnest heroism and myth-building from all of the Avengers movies. Guardians indulges in almost none of that.

The Guardians are not superheroes. Gamora (Zoe Saldana) is hyper-athletic, Drax (Dave Bautista) and Groot (Vin Diesel) are very strong, and Rocket (Bradley Cooper) is highly intelligent. But none possesses superpowers. These characters are a band of outlaws and misfits.

Gamora is an assassin on the run from her adoptive father, the supervillain Thanos (Josh Brolin). Drax is a mountain of a man with no sense of irony bent on avenging his murdered family. Rocket is a raccoon who was given human intelligence when he was subjected to experiments and is now a career criminal. Groot is a tree with a limited vocabulary.

They are led by Earth-born Peter Quill (Chris Pratt), an average dude (and therefore a perfect role for Pratt) who makes a living selling recovered artifacts and gets out of scrapes using his charm and wits. And he really, really would like you to call him Star-Lord.

rocket-raccoonThe Guardians screw up half of the time and bicker constantly, and hilariously, over petty things. And every time the story builds toward a rousing speech or the type of sanctimonious hero worship that has come to define the Avengers movies, one of the characters undercuts it with a sarcastic joke.

Most importantly, the Guardians are flawed. The movie might be a tough sell because many will be turned off by how strange the characters seem to be. ‘You want me to watch a movie about a green girl, a talking raccoon, and a tree?’
Trust me, these characters are more human and relatable than any of the Avengers.

And they fight a genuinely scary villain, Ronan (Lee Pace), who is backed by Thanos and the ruthless Nebula, played by an unrecognizable Karen Gillan.

guardians-of-the-galaxy-drax-the-destroyer-02Peter and the others become the Guardians reluctantly and only due to circumstance. They’ve stolen something and made Ronan very angry. Each character is looking out for himself or herself yet ultimately can’t look the other way when Ronan threatens the entire galaxy.

Guardians is a very important movie for Marvel/Disney. Marvel and its monopolistic parent company have dominated the box office the past few years, but the Avengers phase of the studio’s plans is reaching its expiration date.

We’re done with solo Iron Man movies starring Robert Downey Jr., and we’ll see one more Thor and Captain America movie each. There will be two more Avengers movies, but Marvel needs to bring a new set of characters into the moviegoing consciousness, and Guardians is part of that plan. An especially important part, since Ant-Man has become a disaster before production has even started.

Guardians_of_the_Galaxy_41744There really are only three things you need to know about Guardians of the Galaxy.

First, parents should be aware that the language is a bit rough at times. Second and with apologies to all of the Avengers, Guardians is the best Marvel movie so far. Third, prepare to see the movie twice, because the first time you’ll miss some of the jokes. You won’t be able to hear them over your own laughing.

LUCY Review

lucy-LCY_Tsr1Sheet_RGB_0523_1_rgbYou’re going to hear strange popping sounds Friday afternoon around the time of the first showings of Lucy. They will be the sounds of scientists’ heads exploding all around the world.

The movies are notorious for pushing junk science on naïve viewers. It’s possible junk movie science has never been junkier than it is in Luc Besson’s Lucy.

Scarlett Johansson plays the title character, who gains the ability to use more of her brain than the 10% most of us use. She utilizes more and more of her brain as the movie progresses and acquires new, scientifically nonsensical powers as she evolves.

I use the word “evolve” because it is a theme of the film. Much of the first act cuts between Lucy becoming entangled in a drug-smuggling ring under the control of Mr. Jang (Choi Min-sik) and Professor Norman (Morgan Freeman) lecturing on what would happen if humans evolved in the ways Lucy does even as he speaks.

Science Fiction movies by nature exaggerate and fictionalize scientific reality or theory. One of the measures of quality for the genre is whether the movie follows its own rules. The story has to be plausible within the theory on which the movie is based.

Lucy fails spectacularly on this level. There is no logical connection between brain power and the physical powers she acquires, which become increasingly supernatural.

It’s the kind of movie that’s only entertaining if you turn off your brain. And surely you see the irony there.

Not that writer/director Luc Besson has ever cared about plausibility. He is much more interested in ideas, especially the ideas of transformation and transcendence.

He is also fascinated with taking wispy, Bohemian girls and turning them into impeccable killers. We’ve seen him create woman warriors in La Femme Nikita, Leon, The Fifth Element, The Messenger, and Angel-A.

Empowerment comes with machine-like precision and a large gun in Besson’s world.

None of Besson’s heroines have been as empowered as Lucy, though. As the trailers have already revealed, she develops the ability to control other people’s bodies and minds and to manipulate time and matter.

The concept is good for creating stunning visuals, and this movie uses more computer-generated imagery than any of Besson’s previous work.

But the concept is terrible for action scenes. Lucy clashes with dozens of henchmen but just as each fight begins, Lucy’s powers expand and she dispatches her opponents with ease. There isn’t one engaging action scene in the whole movie. The movie is too busy trying to be too many things at once to focus on what most viewers will want, which is seeing Johansson in action.

For a few minutes during the opening sequence, Lucy recalls the documentary Koyaanisqatsi (1982) and its critique of modern life. The premise is embarrassingly similar to Limitless (2011). It’s also a quasi-philosophical movie that has as much in common with Terence Malick’s Tree of Life (2011) as anything else.

Besson has great fun with the evolution theme by intercutting wildlife documentary footage into his fictional footage, creating witty metaphors and puns. Unfortunately, this technique is also borrowed, from Guy Ritchie’s Snatch (2000).

I was rooting hard for this film prior to seeing it because it bucks so many current trends. It’s based on an original screenplay rather than a popular novel or comic book. It’s a taut 90 minutes rather than the standard 130-150 minute summer slog. And it’s in 2D.

But the movie becomes so unintentionally hilarious it’s only enjoyable because it has become “so bad it’s good.”

Lucy eventually gains the power to travel through her biological memory to the very first cell that split into two and initiated all evolution to follow.

If you plan to see Lucy, my advice is to similarly reduce your brain activity to that of a single cell before the movie begins.


the-purge-anarchy-PG2_Final1Sheet_RGB_0609_1_rgbThe Purge: Anarchy is a political polemic disguised as a horror film. I view that as a good thing, but horror fans may not.

The Purge was released one year ago while the country was still feeling the effects of the recession more acutely and its premise tapped into class tensions that have pervaded the country for years.

The title refers to one twelve-hour period each year during which all law and order are suspended, an annual ritual established by the New Founding Fathers of America. Americans are free to kill each other with no consequences. The weaker members of society are purged, thus reducing unemployment, the prison population, and the crime rate for the rest of the year.

The Purge did a fine job of establishing this provocative scenario, but then it backed away from the very sentiments on which it was based and devolved into a formulaic home-invasion horror movie. Once it set up all of its hot-button ideas, it shied away from them.

The Purge: Anarchy, however, pulls no punches. In many ways, this is the film The Purge should have been.

The story is stronger and less formulaic, and the social commentary is more forceful, memorable, and coherent. Despite some confounding stylistic choices (I could rant for paragraphs about the nonsensical use of a mirror shot during one scene alone), Anarchy improves over the original in numerous ways.

purge anarchy 1This sequel follows a new set of characters. There is a vengeful, well-armed father (Frank Grillo), a working-class mother (Carmen Ejogo) and her teenage daughter (Zöe Soul), and a yuppie couple (Zach Gilford and Kiele Sanchez) on the verge of a break-up, all of whom find themselves on the streets on the one night when they shouldn’t be.

This setup allows the filmmakers to lead us through the city and to explore the types of people who participate in the purge, and that’s when the film goes after its social and political targets.

Some characters in The Purge: Anarchy have twisted Christianity to a point where worship of the government is synonymous with worship of God, and the lethal use of firearms is theologically acceptable.

Others use the purge to target the opposite gender. The first act of violence shows a man attacking his female neighbor merely because she ignores him and rejects his advances. The scene brings to mind the ongoing discourse about male sexual entitlement and rape culture.

More generally, characters who would otherwise be regarded as normal take part in the purge. The horror genre has progressed to a point where humans have taken the place of monsters who embody our darker sides. The Purge: Anarchy pushes that idea to the point where this is barely a horror movie at all.

Sure, there are some gotcha moments, but there are really only two scary things about the movie. As with The Purge, the most frightening aspect is the degree of plausibility in the concept. The scenario is absurd, but not completely. It taps into some real phenomena and beliefs apparent in contemporary American society.

purge anarchy 2The other chilling element is the possibility that some people will watch this in the same way they would watch any horror movie. Echoing the premise of this very franchise, horror movies can be cathartic, and it is totally acceptable to respond to onscreen violence in a horror movie with excitement.

To react to the The Purge: Anarchy with any kind of delight, however, is to miss the whole point. That some viewers will not make that distinction is perhaps the most terrifying thing about the film.

EARTH TO ECHO: Terrible in Every Way

ECHOWhat if I told you a movie was about four bikers who destroy a pawnshop, cause significant damage to a bar and are chased out of it by angry drinkers, break into a private residence and a barn, steal two cars, crash a high school party where everyone is drinking and having sex, and commit other serious crimes?

You might think I was describing a Peter Fonda road movie or a Roger Corman teen flick. Or maybe you would assume those four bikers were the villains of the movie.

In all of those cases you would be wrong. That is a description of Walt Disney Studios’ and Relativity Media’s new PG-rated family movie, Earth to Echo. The four bikers are in their early teens and ride bicycles rather than motorcycles, but they do all these things.

Discussing the morality of movies is a slippery slope, and I happen to believe the movies have limited influence on viewers’ behavior. It’s usually better for a reviewer to avoid such matters.

But there is no denying the movies’ influence is greater on pre-teen and teen viewers. We all try on identities and behaviors at that age, and for good and bad, the movies are one source of ideas during those formative years.

Earth to Echo is also a typical young adult movie in that it purports to teach viewers something. For these reasons, I can’t ignore what an irresponsible movie this is.

I cannot imagine allowing my own son to see a movie in which boys and girls behave as they do in Earth to Echo and are ultimately judged heroic for it.

This is also the first time in my life a movie has nearly made me vomit.

Earth to Echo is a found footage movie of sorts. One of the boys is an aspiring filmmaker who carries his camcorder around everywhere to capture all of his friends’ minute actions and trivial conversations.

All of the footage in the movie supposedly comes from that camcorder, a camera mounted to a bicycle, or a camera hidden in spyglasses.

Nearly every second of the movie is so shaky I had to avert my eyes much of the time to avoid getting sick. I only stayed for the entire movie because I was reviewing it. And bear in mind I had no problem sitting through Cloverfield, the Bourne movies, and the many other found footage movies I’ve seen.

The story suffers from fatal flaws, too. Not only is it a shameless rip off of Super 8 and E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, but it’s also nonsensical.

EARTH TO ECHOThe four main characters are led to various locations – the scenes of their crimes – as they try to help a little alien rebuild its spaceship and get back home. We eventually discover the alien, whom they call Echo, needs parts to rebuild itself.

We are asked to believe the only places Echo can find the parts it needs are a pawnshop, a bar, the bedroom of a girl the boys like, and an arcade.

Like so many condescending, pandering movies made for kids, one passing moment of critical reflection makes the whole story fall apart.

Family movies don’t have to teach kids lessons, but this one explicitly strives to do so, and it is an appalling message.

The movie’s primary theme is that kids feel powerless and invisible. It’s true, kids do feel that way. It could have made sense for the kids to discover things about themselves as they are put in adult, perilous situations.

Earth To EchoHowever, they don’t find any real empowerment. They follow maps from one place to the next, and Echo does the work while the kids indulge in an extended video selfie.

Worse, the kids place themselves in serious danger and commit multiple crimes, and it is all played for laughs. And the kid who narrates the movie sums up the moral by proclaiming the kids learned “they can make a difference.”

That’s right kids, make a difference by destroying personal property and endangering everyone around you. Good family fun.


dawn-of-the-planet-of-the-apes-DOTPOTA_Poster_rgbDawn of the Planet of the Apes swings into theatres this week, continuing one of the most surprisingly enduring franchises in movie history. What began in 1968 as quirky Science Fiction has now become, dare I say it, important.

Director Matt Reeves (Let Me In, Cloverfield) and his crew honor the legacy of their ancestors while building their own mythology and expanding the world of the series.

Since the last film, a virus has wiped out most of the human race. A small colony of survivors, led by a hawkish man named Dreyfus (Gary Oldman) and his dovish colleague Malcolm (Jason Clarke), must repair a dam to provide themselves with electricity.

Meanwhile, an ape society situated across the Golden Gate Bridge is forced to deal with more complicated issues.

dawn-of-the-planet-of-the-apes-ss036_0180_v157_le-1077_rgbCaesar (Andy Serkis) is now the leader of a self-sufficient village among the redwoods. He has a loving mate, an adolescent son, and a newborn son. Kabo, Maurice, and Rocket, Caesar’s fellow escapees from the previous film, are among his closest friends and advisers. Their highly organized, peaceful society belies their primitive appearance.

Everything is thrown into disarray, though, when a small group of the humans wanders into the forest near the village. Differing opinions on how to respond to the humans’ presence and their plan to restart the dam exposes deep rifts among Caesar’s leaders.

As with many of the Planet of the Apes movies, the scenario creates a deep irony. The humans have been reduced to survival, while the apes play out a drama straight from one of Shakespeare’s history plays.

One of Caesar’s advisers manipulates his son, the heir to the throne, and other members of the village to undermine Caesar’s leadership. That traitor then secretly instigates a battle between the apes and humans. The movie offers a lot of thrilling action, but the most fascinating conflict is this battle over Caesar’s throne.

The filmmakers hold onto many of the defining elements of the original movie series.

We are meant to sympathize more with the apes than humans. While most of the human characters personify some of our more destructive instincts, Malcolm, his love interest Ellie (Keri Russell), and his son Alexander (Kodi Smit-McPhee) offer a model of understanding.

DAWN OF THE PLANET OF THE APESYou will only notice these intricacies of characterization, though, if you can manage to force yourself to look beyond the dazzling motion capture and computer-generated animation work. And that will not be easy, because this is a breathtaking piece of digital filmmaking.

It’s one of those times when technology, performance, and artistry combine perfectly. Reeves relies heavily on close-ups to express the apes’ emotions and character development. This stylistic approach wouldn’t be possible without the cutting edge motion capture and cgi or the performances by Serkis and others. The effect is as moving as any live action performance.

I had to remind myself numerous times that Caesar, his son, and all the other apes are just computer code and not real, living beings. The animation of facial expressions and textures alone marks an evolutionary leap forward in computer imaging.

This is also a massive production with hundreds of real extras and animated apes battling across the cityscape of San Francisco. Reeves and his crew get to work on a scale that producers of the earlier Planet of the Apes movies only dreamt about.

Along with X-Men: Days of Future Past, Dawn of the Planet of the Apes is among the best blockbusters of 2014 so far. Both films offer the eye candy we want during summer yet maintain a level of storytelling quality that doesn’t make us feel guilty as we leave the theater.

The original Planet of the Apes, with its passionate critique of fundamentalism, remains as relevant in 2014 as it was when first released. Dawn of the Planet of the Apes doesn’t offer any similar, individual moments of philosophical epiphany.

However, the film as a whole urges us to reconsider our perceptions of characters unlike ourselves and to show them compassion, to be motivated by love rather than fear. In other words, to find our own humanity.


IVORYTOWER1The documentary Ivory Tower examines the state of higher education in the United States. And while its entry into limited release this weekend has thus far been quiet, it could end up making a lot of noise.

American colleges and universities face several crises, most prominently the decline of public funding combined with rising enrollments, a total national student debt of over $1 trillion, and attacks on the residential university as no longer feasible nor most effective for many students.

Ivory Tower does an outstanding job of discussing these and other challenges, without becoming partisan or losing sight of what is most important – the students.

A persistent theme among the film’s interview subjects, all of whom are either career academics or credible critics of higher education, is the American university system has been unquestionably successful at providing a liberal arts education. The problems stem primarily from the unsustainable costs of a college education.

IVORYTOWER2Public funding for universities and colleges has fallen dramatically, forcing institutions to raise tuition. And when a college degree carries an extremely high price tag, several things happen. Students are saddled with debt when they graduate, and it is increasingly unlikely their entry-level salaries will allow them to pay off their loans while also building a life. This phenomenon has prompted many to question the necessity of a college education at all.

Students also develop a consumer mentality. They are paying quite a lot for this experience, and they somewhat justifiably expect to “receive” their money’s worth. In response, colleges have tried to outdo each other with the amenities they provide, which in turn raises costs further.

Another source of problems is the inefficiency with which many universities operate. Since 2005, the number of faculty at American colleges has grown 51% while the number of administrators has grown 240%.

Compounding these issues are technologies that excite administrators because they are cheap but have now been proven educationally less effective if not disastrous.

Personally, this was a difficult film for me to review because I am so close to the content. My position at the University of North Georgia comprises both instructional and administrative responsibilities.

I became a little defensive when certain interview subjects over-stated or mischaracterized situations. Richard Arum, co-author of “Academically Adrift,” a book which has caused significant ripples throughout academia, criticizes student evaluations as “consumer satisfaction” surveys. His description of how colleges evaluate professors is completely unfair.

The film also stacks the deck at times. This is especially true of the segment on the Thiel Fellowship and the Education Hackerhouse, a communal living space in Silicon Valley where, as the film describes it, “college drop-outs work on education-related startups.” They interview Mark Zuckerberg as an example of a Thiel graduate. Sorry, but very few 18-22 year olds would thrive in such an environment.

At one point, Peter Schiff, author of “Crash Proof 2.0,” mentions “the ease with which you can become self-educated” thanks to the Internet. There is nothing easy about becoming self-educated, even with the resources the Internet now provides, and again, only a small percentage of students succeed with this approach.

IVORYTOWER5Thankfully, the film acknowledges those realities and returns to the question of how to effectively educate as many people as possible.

The movie provides a cursory but useful history of higher education in the United States and reminds us of the foundational ideals on which the system is built. It used to be a central goal to make a college education accessible to everyone. An educated populace is essential to a democracy, and making college equally feasible for everyone is itself a democratic ideal.

This is one of several core values Ivory Tower champions without condescending to offer easy answers or disrespecting educators.

Anyone familiar with higher education will nod along with the film at least some of the time but will also recognize what it is: a synthesis of recent, notable analyses of the American college and university system.

It does not lob polemical arguments but instead provokes constructive discussion and tries to bring more voices into a dialogue in which academics have engaged for years. That, like higher education itself, is a noble cause deserving of our support.

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